What exactly is PrEP?
There have been some significant discoveries in the prevention of HIV infection in recent years. For instance, there is now a government-subsidized pill that you may take daily to lower your chance of being infected if you are exposed to HIV. Pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is the name given to this type of drug.
PrEP is an anti-HIV medication known as Teno-Em that is used by people who do not have HIV to reduce their chance of infection.
Don’t confuse PrEP with PEP
Although they seem similar, it is critical not to mix up PrEP with PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis).
People who do not have HIV use PrEP to avoid infection. Before taking the first dosage, you must be HIV-negative.
PEP is a brief course of anti-HIV medications administered by someone who has been exposed to HIV in order to avoid infection. PEP must be begun within 72 hours after exposure in order to be effective.
Who should think about getting PrEP?
PrEP is advised for:
Males (both cis and transgender) and transgender women who have anal intercourse with men and do not always use condoms
heterosexual men who are trying to have a baby with an HIV-positive partner
individuals with a history of sexually transmitted infections such as anorectal gonorrhoea and chlamydia
those who use street drugs
Prostitutes and those that work in the adult industry
men and women who have sex without condoms with drug users
men and women whose spouses are infected with HIV
What is the efficacy of PrEP?
PrEP, when used appropriately, reduces the risk of HIV infection by 99 percent. It is critical to begin taking the medications before having intercourse with someone who has HIV.
It should be noted that if you are already infected with HIV, taking PrEP does not lessen your risk of transmitting the virus to others via sexual contact or blood.
Because it does not protect against other STIs, you should still use a condom when having sex.